Tuna, drums, flounder, Pacific croaker, grunt, sea bass and even black marlin are some of the attractions for deep sea fishermen. Peru still features the world record for the largest black marlin, weighing 702 kg (1,560 lb) caught by US fisherman Alfred Glossell Jr. Writer Ernest Hemingway was a frequent visitor to Peruvian waters, and it was here that he was inspired to write The Old Man and the Sea.
Like the author, Peruvians know that Peru is synonymous of adventure and above all good fishing. Fishing is one of the most important industries in Peru due to the variety of species in Peru's rich fishing grounds. Here fishermen will always find an ideal beach for the kind of fishing they are looking for: rocky bluffs and cliffs, sweeping sandy beaches, cold waters teeming with plankton and warm, clear currents.
If willing to practice sport fishing in Peru you should follow these recommendations:
- Every time you head out onto the water, whether in your own boat or a hired one, notify the local harbor captain. This can prove to be of great help in case of accidents.
- Also check tide tables and wave conditions.
- Although no particular permits are needed for sports fishing, the Fisheries Ministry prohibits fishing for trout and silversides in the highlands during the Andean summer, from April to October.
- Heed fishing bans and throw back into the sea small specimens or those with roe.
- Fishermen on bluffs or on open beaches need to take care with crumbling cliffs and quicksand.
- Never go fishing alone.
- On the coast: Visitors should bring plenty of water and sunscreen
- In the highlands: Sunscreen is recommended, plus warm clothing. High altitude sickness known locally as soroche can set in at over 2,500 masl. Take precautions by resting the first day, drink plenty of liquids and avoid heavy food and alcohol.
- In the jungle: Never travel without insect repellent, a raincoat and sunscreen. Long-sleeved shirts and long pants are recommended to ward off insect bites. A yellow fever vaccination is obligatory. There are also vaccinations for malaria, tetanus and Hepatitis A and B, as well as local treatment for leishmaniasis (uta) and malaria.
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