Altitude: 2,378 meters.
Climate: Average annual temperaturein Abancay : 18°, (Maximum 25° and minimum 12° C). The rain season runs from November to March.
Access: The best overland route is via Lima-Nazca-Abancay (897 km) which takes around 17 hours by car. One can also travel via Lima-Huancayo-Ayacucho-Andahuaylas-Abancay (905 km) along the Los Libertadores Highway, which takes around 22 hours by car. Flights run from the city of Cusco, via Lima, which takes an hour. From there one continues along the Cusco-Abancay stretch of road, which takes 6 hours by car.
Abancay, "the Valley of the White Lilies" in the Quechua language, needs no further arguments to entice the traveler. Founded in 1574, this colorful city, capital of the department of Apurimac, is famous for its superb local cuisine, offering mouth-water dishes such as cuy relleno (stuffed guinea pig), kapchi (a hearty soup of beans, milk and eggs) and huatia (meat cooked over hot stones).
A good time to visit Abancay is during Carnival, held here in April. The city is overshadowed by a towering peak, Mount Ampay (5,235 meters), a magical mountain which ensures the region enjoys one of the mildest climates in the Peruvian highlands. The mountain is located within the Ampay National Sanctuary, a protected area that is home to natural forests lakes and snowclad peaks.
Abancay is the starting point to explore the attractions of the region: Curahuasi, which produces Peru's best aniseed liquor; Saywite, one of the finest examples of Inca sculpture and the imposing Apurímac Canyon, considered one of the world's deepest, a wild and beautiful region which is ideal for trekking and whitewater river rafting. Those who have visited Abancay understand why the Chanca tribe and the Incas fought for dominance of this region filled with lakes, gorges and valleys. The area witnessed epic battles and legendary feats which today are still ritually portrayed by the descendants of those civilizations, most of them now peaceful farmers.
Sondor Raimy (the Festival of the Condor), which symbolizes the most bitter battled fought between the Chancas and the Incas, is reenacted every June by the shores of Lake Pacucha, near the city of Andahuaylas, on the northern edge of the department.
The majestic lake is the setting for a ritual involving thousands of actors who take part in one of the most impressive rites in Peru, comparable only to the Inti Raymi festival in Cusco. Meanwhile, in the province of Cotabamba during July, visitors can witness one of the most exotic and traditional festivals in the area: Yawar Fiesta. This centuries-old rite involves a bull and a condor to symbolize the bitter struggle between natives and Spaniards. Abancay is a wild and exciting place, a land where tradition and old memories come together to make your stay an unforgettable one.