The Pampas de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary was established by Law (D.S.) N 119-80-AA on August 14, 1980. It is located in the department of Ayacucho, province of Huamanga, It has a surface of 300 hectares.
On December 9, 1824 was scenary of the famous baltle of Ayacucho which sealed the American independence from the Spanish Empire. There are pre-Inca ruins in Wari, this culture was extended around the departments of Cajamarca, Lambayeque, Cusco and Arequipa.
Birds to be found at this Historical Sanctuary are the partridge of puna (Tinamotis pentlandii), the andean partridge (Nothoprecta pentlandii), the huallara (Chloephaga melanopterus), the lique lique (Vanellus resplenders) and the Kulle Kulle (Attagis gayi), among others.
Native plants include the wild trefall (Trifolium amabile), the pinco pinco (Ephedra americana), the llanten (Plantago sp.) and the peccoy (Stipa ichu). Some not very common types of pastures sauc as the Calamagrostis sp., Poa sp. and Alchemilla pinnata are also found here.
Main purpose of the Pampas de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary are to protect the natural and Historical Heritage of the Battle of Ayacucho and improve and enlarge the Ayacucho - Wari ruins - Quinua - Pampas de Ayacucho tourist circuit.
Chacamarca Historical Sanctuary
Pampas de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary
Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary