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Tambomachay and Qenqo
Cusco Peru

Cusco, Land of the Incas
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Puno and Lake Titicaca
Nazca Lines
Choquequirao Peru
Royal Tombs of Sipan
The Kuelap Fortress
Colca Canyon in Arequipa
Mountaineering in Peru
Manu National Park
Paracas National Reserve
Machu Picchu Cusco
Lima Peru

Destinations in Peru

Abancay
Arequipa
Ayacucho
Cajamarca
Colca Valley
Cusco
Chachapoyas
Chiclayo
Huancavelica
Huancayo
Huanuco
Huaraz
Ica
Iquitos
Lima
Machu Picchu
Manu
Moquegua
Moyobamba
Nazca
Ollantaytambo
Paracas
Pasco
Piura
Pucallpa
Puerto Maldonado
Puno
Sacred Valley
Tacna
Tarapoto
Trujillo
Tumbes
 


Climate
: Cusco features two well-defined seasons: the rainy season, from November to March, with average temperatures of 12 °C; and a dry season (the recommended time of year for visiting) from April to October, with cold nights, sunny days and average temperatures of 9 °C.

Access: Qenqo is 3 km from the city of Cusco (15 minutes) while Tambomachay lies 7 km (35 minutes) away.

Two areas near Cusco that feature some superlative religious architecture are the shrines of Qenqo and Tambomachay. Qenqo is a vast rocky hilltop carved into staircases, holes and channels, probably built to store the chicha (fermented maize beer) used in Inca rituals. The site features a semi-circular patio studded with several large niches surrounding a stone figure embedded within a chamber, rather like an idol inside its own shrine.

Tambomachay is another fine example of Inca architecture made up of platforms, niches and fountains which still function today, as water flows down through them from a spring higher up in the hills. In Inca times, this was a sacred site used for worship of the water deity, one of the shrines that made up the Cusco ceque, the system of imaginary grid lines that irradiated out to sacred spots or indicated the time and place of the ceremonies.

Tambomachay was a relaxing lodge for Incan nobility. Baths could be taken, possibly of a religious significance as water was an important male deity. There is some evidence that it was used as a hunting lodge, there being abundant wildlife in the surrounding hills.

The remains of the building are constructed from polygons of Lime-stone with niches for various idols or mummies and had 3 (a significant Incan number) ceremonial fountains in front of which are the remains of a small defensive fort.

Qenqo was carved from the Lime-stone remains of a pre-historic sea at an altitude of 3,600 m.a.s.l. The word Qenqo means 'zigzag' or'Labryinth' and probably refers to the carved channels in the stone where Llama blood or chicha(maize beer) were poured as part of a religious ritual. The resulting trail and speed of flow would then be interpreted by a priest....a bit like Tea-leaf reading on a grander scale!

Inside the rock are the remains of an altar and 19 trapezoidal niches where statues and mummies were placed. Possibly they housed life size statues representing local nobility.

Incan duality is evident with the Sun Temple situated at the top of outcrop, where devotion was side by side with the observing of equinoxes and solstices for agricultural planning.


Most Popular Archaeological Sites in Peru

Royal Tombs of the Lord of Sipan
Chan Chan Citadel
Kuelap Fortress
Ventanillas de Otuzco
Wari Citadel
Chavin de Huantar
Temple of Kotosh
The Pachacamac Oracle
Paracas
Huacas of Lima
Caral
Pyramids of Tucume
Choquequirao Citadel
Toro Muerto
Korikancha Temple
Sacsayhuaman Fortress
Terracing of Moray
Ollantaytambo
Tambomachay and Qenqo
MachuPicchu Citadel
Pisac
Huacas del Sol y de la Luna


Peru Pictures - Images and Photos of Peru

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Cusco Peru
Cusco Facts
Cusco, Land of the Incas
Aguas Calientes
Urubamba : Sacred Valley
Korikancha Temple
Sacsayhuaman Fortress
Terracing of Moray
Ollantaytambo
Tambomachay & Qenqo
Pisac Town and Markets
Andahuaylillas Church
Machu Picchu Sanctuary
Manu National Park
The Loop to Salkantay
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Entrega de Varas
Qoyllur Riti
Corpus Christi in Cusco
Inti Raymi in Cusco
Map of Cusco
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Machu Picchu Hotels
Flights to Cusco
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Pictures of Cusco

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