Chacamarca Historical Sanctuary was stablished on August 7, 1974, through Law (D.S.) N 0750-74-AG, it is located in the department of Junin, province of Junin and has a surface of 2 500 hectares.
It was on the Pampas de Chacamarca where the battle of Junin took place, it was one of the most important battles before Peruvians got their independence.
A type of the typical pastures of the Andes called Poáceas (Calamagrostis sp., Stipa sp. and Festuca sp.) grow abundantly in the area. Local fauna includes the andean parrtidge (Nothoprocta pentlandii), la chinalinda (Phalco boenus megalopterus) and the lique lique (Vanellus resplendens).
Main objective of this sanctuary is to protect the historical scenary of the battle of Junin and preserve the archaeological sites relevant to the Pumpush Culture.
Chacamarca Historical Sanctuary
Pampas de Ayacucho Historical Sanctuary
Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary