Altitude: 106 m.a.s.l.
Climate: Average annual temperature in Iquitos: 26.3° (Maximum 36° and minimum 17° C). The rain season runs from November to April.
Access: There are daily flights from Lima which take around an hour and 45 minutes. There are also connecting flights with Tarapoto and Caballococha. One can also reach this department by river from the port of Puerto La Hoyada in Pucallpa (2.5 km from the city). Boats sail down the Ucayali River to Iquitos stopping at the ports of Requena and Contamana. The duration of the voyage depends on the type of river craft. Small but fast launches take 2-3 days depending on the river current. Trips in the La Chata, a large, slow boat, can take 4-7 days, and also depends on the river current.
Capital of the department of Loreto, is Peru's main port along the Amazon River. Founded in 1757, the city began to boom from 1880 onwards as a result of the rubber tapping industry.
One can still see signs of that economic bonanza in buildings such as the old Hotel Palace, built in Art Nouveau style with materials brought from Europe, and Casa de Fierro , designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel. These constructions contrast with the rustic homes that line the Belén quarter , where all constructions rest on pilings due to the fact the river rises several meters during the rain season.
A boatride along the major rivers and lakes around Iquitos is particularly bewitching for visitors. Native tribes mainly live along the banks of the Amazon, Napo, Ucayali, Marañón and Nanay Rivers.
The most popular beaches in Iquitos are Tunchi Playa, on Lake Quistococha, and Santa Clara and Santo Tomás along the Nanay River, which are ideal for water sports. Some 150 km from Iquitos lies the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, the largest reserve in Peru, the second-largest in the Amazon Basin and the fourth-largest in South America. The area is home to an astonishing biodiversity of fauna and flora.
The Festival of San Juan in June is an ideal time to taste the local cooking at some of the many good restaurants in the city, as well as to buy superb quality arts and crafts and take in the joyful music of the people of Iquitos.