This wind instrument belongs to the pan-pipe family, and is made up of a series of cane tubes of varying sizes bound together, forming one or two rows. The size of the tube determines the musical note.
The zampoña comes in a wide range of variations, depending on the region, where the length, location and quantity of cane tubes vary. It is frequently played in nearly all the festivities in southern Peru, particularly in the department of Puno.
One variation of the flute is the antara, which is made of finer carrizo reeds.