Pasco Peru Travel PascoTours Pasco Hotels Cerro de Pasco Flights Pasco Travel Guide by e-Peru Travel
 
Pasco Facts
Pasco Peru

Cusco, Land of the Incas
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Puno and Lake Titicaca
Nazca Lines
Choquequirao Peru
Royal Tombs of Sipan
The Kuelap Fortress
Colca Canyon in Arequipa
Mountaineering in Peru
Manu National Park
Paracas National Reserve
Machu Picchu Cusco
Lima Peru

Destinations in Peru

Abancay
Arequipa
Ayacucho
Cajamarca
Colca Valley
Cusco
Chachapoyas
Chiclayo
Huancavelica
Huancayo
Huanuco
Huaraz
Ica
Iquitos
Lima
Machu Picchu
Manu
Moquegua
Moyobamba
Nazca
Ollantaytambo
Paracas
Pasco
Piura
Pucallpa
Puerto Maldonado
Puno
Sacred Valley
Tacna
Tarapoto
Trujillo
Tumbes
 


Location
: Center of Perú.

Area: 25,320 km2

Altitude:
Minimum: 256 m.a.s.l. (Puerto Bermudez)
Maximum: 4380 m.a.s.l. (Cajamarquilla)

Relief: Pasco has a varied relief that includes high plateaus and cold mountains and the high jungle towards the east. Its territory is marked by the presence of both flanks of the chain of the Andes, the Western Mountain chain and the Oriental one.

Its territory located on the limit with Lima is rough, because it corresponds to the eastern side of the Western Cordillera. To the western side, in the Andean sector occupied by punas or high plateaus, it becomes less rough. The Near-Jungle area is very abrupt with deep narow valleys confined by high-sloped hills. The High Jungle with its wide valleys is confined by hills of varied altitude and incline. On the banks of the rivers of the High Jungle and the Low Jungle there are stepped terraces where people have built homes and towns and are engaged in agriculture and cattle raising.

In Pasco there is a morphological formation called the "Nudo de Pasco", which is a center of separation of waters whose watersheds give raise to Huallaga, Mantaro and Pachitea rivers. Rivers crossing the department belong to the Amazon hydrographic system, the Marañón and Ucayali basins. The most important is the Huallaga river that sheds its waters into the Marañón river after going through the Huánuco, San Martín and Loreto departments.

The city of Cerro de Pasco, the department's capital, is located on the Bombón Plateau. This is a large plateau slightly waved that extents over into the Junín department.

The first inhabitants of the region were the Pumpos. When the Incas conquered the Pasco region they centered on the exploitation of the gold and silver mines. Among the Pumpos' settlements of those times there was one called Yauri near the Yauricocha lagoon. This population held its ground under the Inca domination and it is this settlement that eventually became the city of Cerro de Pasco.

The spanish population made a large mining camp. The ore was so abundant and so much of the metal was gathered for the Spanish Crown that Cerro de Pasco was given the tittle of "Wealthy Fortune".

In 1824, Bolívar went through Pasco with its army marching to meet Canterac in Junín. In 1841, during the temporary presidency of Manuel Meléndez, the missionary Manuel Plaza obtain an authorization to begin catechising thus clearing the way for christianity from Pasco to Pozuzo.

Cerro de Pasco holds the privilege of being the cradle of Daniel Alcides Carrión, the martir of Peruvian Medicine.


Peru Pictures - Images and Photos of Peru

   



 

Cerro de Pasco Peru
Pasco Facts
Huayllay National Sanctuary
San Matias - San Carlos
Yanachaga Chemillen Park
Yanesha Communal Reserve
Festival of the Crosses
Map of Pasco
Pasco Hotels & Hostels
Flights to Cerro de Pasco
Pasco Tours
Pictures of Pasco

About Peru

Peru Facts at a Glance
Destinations in Peru
Archaeological Sites
Historical Legacy
Nature and Ecology
Peru Culture & Traditions
Adventure Sports in Peru

Useful Peru Travel Info

Peru Festivities Calendar
Travelogues
Peru Weather
Embassies & Consulates
Airlines in Peru
Peru Pictures
Useful Tips

Contact Us
Pasco Peru Travel PascoTours Pasco Hotels Cerro de Pasco Flights Pasco Travel Guide by e-Peru Travel
 

www.perutravels.net ¦ www.perubudgettours.net ¦ www.peru-viajes.net
www.e-peru-travel.com