The Yanesha Communal Reserve was established on April 28, 1988 through Law (R.S.) N 0193-88-AG-DGFF. It is located in the department of Pasco, province of Oxapampa, district of Palcazu and covers a surface of 34 744,70 hectares.
This reserve was created to preserve the wild fauna for the benefit of native communities living in the area.
Local fauna includes mammals such as the reed deer (Mazzama americana), the sajino (Tayassu tajacu), the huangana (Tayassu pecari), the quisquiricho (Dasypus novem cinctus), the añoje (Daysprocta sp.) and several types of monkeys.
Fishes founds in this reserve are the boquichico (Prochilodus sp.) the sabalo (Brycon melanopoterum), the palometa (Mylossama aureum), the doncella (Pseudo platystama sp.) and the Lisa (Leporinus sp.), among others.
One of the goals of this Reserve is to preserve the basins of the river Palcazu, as well as preserve the wild flora and fauna as part of the yaneshas territories.