Peru Archaeological Travel Archaeological Tours Archaeological Sites in Peru Archaeological Travel Guide by e-Peru Travel
 
Peru Archaeological Sites
About Peru

Cusco, Land of the Incas
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Puno and Lake Titicaca
Nazca Lines
Choquequirao Peru
Royal Tombs of Sipan
The Kuelap Fortress
Colca Canyon in Arequipa
Mountaineering in Peru
Manu National Park
Paracas National Reserve
Machu Picchu Cusco
Lima Peru

Destinations in Peru

Abancay
Arequipa
Ayacucho
Cajamarca
Colca Valley
Cusco
Chachapoyas
Chiclayo
Huancavelica
Huancayo
Huanuco
Huaraz
Ica
Iquitos
Lima
Machu Picchu
Manu
Moquegua
Moyobamba
Nazca
Ollantaytambo
Paracas
Pasco
Piura
Pucallpa
Puerto Maldonado
Puno
Sacred Valley
Tacna
Tarapoto
Trujillo
Tumbes
 


While Peru inevitably evokes images of Machu Picchu and the Inca empire, the country is also riddled with archaeological sites which are a legacy of even more ancient times, when great civilizations bequeathed a legacy of their art, customs and rituals, their wisdom and skills.

The Inca empire was a recent arrival during the process of cultural development in the Andes during the pre-Hispanic era, and the history of the Incas barely accounts for a century within the 20,000 years of human occupation of Peruvian territory.

Long before the Incas, the Chavín civilization (1500-400 BC) achieved considerable prowess in architecture, engineering and agriculture in the northern highlands. Along the north coast, the Moche civilization (200 BC-700 AD) is famous for its realistic pottery (portraits carved into pots and gourds) and its pyramid-shaped temples. The same area was later controlled by the Chimú kingdom (900-1450 AD), who built Chan Chan, an immense mud-brick citadel featuring 12-meter-high walls and superb architectural work.

To the south, the Nazca people (200 BC-900 AD) etched an impressive series of figures etched into the desert floor known as the Nazca Lines, while graves belonging to the Paracas culture (800 BC-600 AD) have unearthed superb weavings which point to the magical and religious vision that governed the lives of this ancient civilization.

Centuries later, the Incas (1300-1500 AD) were to make Cusco the center of their empire, building major constructions such as Sacsayhuaman, Pisac and Koricancha. It is here that myth and history merge, where the Inca roads, the towns, people and traditions are a living example of the Andean spirit, sacred and monumental.

Discover why Peru is for many the heart of South America's greatest civilizations.

 

Royal Tombs of Sipan
Chan Chan
The Kuelap Fortress
Ventanillas de Otuzco
Wari
Chavin de Huantar
Temple of Kotosh
The Pachacamac Oracle
Paracas National Reserve
Temples of Lima
Caral
The Valley of Pyramids
Choquequirao
Toro Muerto
Korikancha Temple
Sacsayhuaman Fortress
Terracing of Moray
Ollantaytambo
Tambomachay & Qenqo
Machu Picchu Cusco
Pisac Town and Markets
Huacas del Sol y La Luna

About Peru

Peru Facts at a Glance
Destinations in Peru
Archaeological Sites
Historical Legacy
Nature and Ecology
Peru Culture & Traditions
Adventure Sports in Peru

Useful Peru Travel Info

Peru Festivities Calendar
Travelogues
Peru Weather
Embassies & Consulates
Airlines in Peru
Peru Pictures
Useful Tips

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Peru Archaeological Travel Archaeological Tours Archaeological Sites in Peru Archaeological Travel Guide by e-Peru Travel
 

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