Peru Travel, Peru Tours Peru Hotels Peru Flights Peru Travel Guide by e-Peru Travel
 
Peru Facts at a Glance
About Peru

Cusco, Land of the Incas
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Puno and Lake Titicaca
Nazca Lines
Choquequirao Peru
Royal Tombs of Sipan
The Kuelap Fortress
Colca Canyon in Arequipa
Mountaineering in Peru
Manu National Park
Paracas National Reserve
Machu Picchu Cusco
Lima Peru

Destinations in Peru

Abancay
Arequipa
Ayacucho
Cajamarca
Colca Valley
Cusco
Chachapoyas
Chiclayo
Huancavelica
Huancayo
Huanuco
Huaraz
Ica
Iquitos
Lima
Machu Picchu
Manu
Moquegua
Moyobamba
Nazca
Ollantaytambo
Paracas
Pasco
Piura
Pucallpa
Puerto Maldonado
Puno
Sacred Valley
Tacna
Tarapoto
Trujillo
Tumbes
 


Peru Surface Area

With an area of 1,285,215 square km, Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations.

Peru also holds sway over the sea up to 200 miles from the Peruvian coast and has territorial rights to an area of 60 million hectares in the Antarctic. Peru is divided into 24 departments, plus the Constitutional Province of Callao. Lima is the capital of Peru.

Peru Population
Peru is a nation of mixed ethnic origins. Throughout its history, Peru has been the meeting ground for different nations and cultures. The indigenous population was joined 500 years ago by the Spaniards.

As a result of this encounter, and later enriched by the migration of African blacks, Asians and Europeans, Peruvian man emerged as the representative of a nation whose rich ethnic mix is one of its leading characteristics.

Peru Population: 25.662.000 inhabitants ( Urban: 72,3 %, Rural: 27,7 % ).

Languages in Peru
As part of its rich cultural tradition, Peru features many different languages. Although Spanish is commonly spoken across the country, Quechua is a major legacy of the Inca empire, and is still spoken with regional dialects in many parts of Peru.

In addition, other languages are spoken such as Aymara (in Puno) and a startling variety of dialects in the Amazon jungle, which are divided up into 15 linguistic families and 38 different languages.

Languages spoken in Peru are: Spanish: 80,3% , Quechua: 16,2% , Other languages: 3,0% , Foreign languages: 0,2%.

Peruvian Currency
The official currency in Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S/.), which is divided into 100 centimos. The currency includes coins for 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimos and 1, 2 and 5 sol coins. There are bills in the denomination of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 soles.

Peruvian Government
Peru is a democratic republic. The president and members of Congress are elected every five years by universal suffrage. The current constitutional president of Peru is Alejandro Toledo Manrique (2001-2006).

Religions in Peru
Peru is a naturally religious country: a diversity of beliefs and freedom of worship can be seen from the wide range of festivals and rituals that feature both Catholic fervor and the mysticism of age-old pre-Hispanic cultures.

Main religions in Peru are Roman Catholic: 89% , Evangelical: 7% , Other religions: 4%.

 

About Peru

Peru Facts at a Glance
General Information
Communications in Peru
Economic Profile
Map of Peru

Peru Geography
Peruvian Coast
Peruvian Highlands
Peruvian Jungle

Peru History
The First Settlers
The Pre-Incas Cultures
The Incas Empire
The Encounter Between Two Worlds
Birth of the Peruvian State
Peru Today
Peru: World Heritage

About Peru

Peru Facts at a Glance
Destinations in Peru
Archaeological Sites
Historical Legacy
Nature and Ecology
Peru Culture & Traditions
Adventure Sports in Peru

Useful Peru Travel Info

Peru Festivities Calendar
Travelogues
Peru Weather
Embassies & Consulates
Airlines in Peru
Peru Pictures
Useful Tips

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