Peru Travel, Peru Tours Peru Hotels Peru Flights Peru Travel Guide by e-Peru Travel
 
The Peruvian State Birth
Peru History

Cusco, Land of the Incas
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
Puno and Lake Titicaca
Nazca Lines
Choquequirao Peru
Royal Tombs of Sipan
The Kuelap Fortress
Colca Canyon in Arequipa
Mountaineering in Peru
Manu National Park
Paracas National Reserve
Machu Picchu Cusco
Lima Peru

Destinations in Peru

Abancay
Arequipa
Ayacucho
Cajamarca
Colca Valley
Cusco
Chachapoyas
Chiclayo
Huancavelica
Huancayo
Huanuco
Huaraz
Ica
Iquitos
Lima
Machu Picchu
Manu
Moquegua
Moyobamba
Nazca
Ollantaytambo
Paracas
Pasco
Piura
Pucallpa
Puerto Maldonado
Puno
Sacred Valley
Tacna
Tarapoto
Trujillo
Tumbes
 


Peru was declared an independent nation by Jose de San Martin in 1821, and in 1824 Simon Bolivar put an end to the War of Independence. However, despite efforts to organize the young Peruvian republic, in the nineteenth century the country had to face up to the cost of the struggle: a tough economic crisis and a tradition of military strongmen who gave civilians little chance to govern.

By 1860, thanks to income from guano, cotton and sugar , Peru was able to do without enforced labor imposed on the indigenous population and African slaves alike. Chinese and European immigrants swelled the workforce and integrated with Peru's society. The country was linked up by a railway network, and during the mandate of President Manuel Pardo, Peru organized its first civilian government . The first Japanese immigrants were to arrive at the end of the nineteenth century.

But in 1879 , the country found itself at war with Chile . Peru was defeated and left bankrupt. After another spell of military regimes, Peru returned to civilian rule, giving rise to a time called "the Aristocratic Republic" . The economy was dominated by the land-owning elite, and an export-oriented model imposed. The success of the rubber boom lent fresh splendor to the myth of El Dorado.


Most Popular Archaeological Sites in Peru

Royal Tombs of the Lord of Sipan
Chan Chan Citadel
Kuelap Fortress
Ventanillas de Otuzco
Wari Citadel
Chavin de Huantar
Temple of Kotosh
The Pachacamac Oracle
Paracas
Huacas of Lima
Caral
Pyramids of Tucume
Choquequirao Citadel
Toro Muerto
Korikancha Temple
Sacsayhuaman Fortress
Terracing of Moray
Ollantaytambo
Tambomachay and Qenqo
MachuPicchu Citadel
Pisac
Huacas del Sol y de la Luna


Peru Pictures - Images and Photos of Peru

 



 

About Peru

Peru Facts at a Glance
General Information
Communications in Peru
Economic Profile
Map of Peru

Peru Geography
Peruvian Coast
Peruvian Highlands
Peruvian Jungle

Peru History
The First Settlers
The Pre-Incas Cultures
The Incas Empire
The Encounter Between Two Worlds
Birth of the Peruvian State
Peru Today
Peru: World Heritage

About Peru

Peru Facts at a Glance
Destinations in Peru
Archaeological Sites
Historical Legacy
Nature and Ecology
Peru Culture & Traditions
Adventure Sports in Peru

Useful Peru Travel Info

Peru Festivities Calendar
Travelogues
Peru Weather
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Airlines in Peru
Peru Pictures
Useful Tips

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Peru Travel, Peru Tours Peru Hotels Peru Flights Peru Travel Guide by e-Peru Travel
 

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