The city of Cusco, declared a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1983. Cusco, which in the ancient Quechua language means "navel of the world", was an important hub in Inca times that connected all of South America, from Colombia to the north of Argentina. Today, centuries later, Cusco continues to be the centre of attention, not only for our neighbouring countries but for the whole world. In its streets, historical centres, churches, pubs and cafés you can hear not only Quechua and Spanish spoken, but such diverse languages as English, French, Japanese and Hebrew. All of them, united by the same experience, found in the charming and fascinating "belly button" of the world.
Machu Picchu, was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site also in 1983. This archaeological sitec located in Cusco, was hidden for centuries until it came to light in the early 1900s, and it is difficult to describe in words what one feels when the citadel suddenly appears, like a challenge to the imagination and to engineering, between the mountains that mark the beginning and the end of the Andes and the Amazon Basin.
Chavin de Huantar
The temple or fortress of Chavin de Huantar, located in Ancash, was declared a World Cultural Heritage in 1985. Known as the "castle", Chavin and its intricate passageways is believed to be one of the oldest constructions in the Americas.
Huascaran National Park
The Huascaran National Park, inscribed as a World Natural Heritage in 1985. Located in Ancash, It is a paradise and a challenge to nature and adventure sports lovers alike. It has over 600 glaciers, close to 300 lakes, and 27 snow-capped peaks that reach heights of over 6,000 metres, such as the Huascaran which rises to 6,768 meters above sea level.
Chan Chan is another of the 10 sites inscribed as World Cultural Heritages by UNESCO, this in 1986. It is located in La Libertad.
Known as the largest city of clay in pre-Columbian America, Chan Chan is texture, it is form, it is desert sand made into art. The birds that decorate the walls of Chan Chan seem almost to fly in the strong breeze that blows through this ancient Chimu site.
Manu National Park
The Manu National Park, inscribed as a World Natural Heritage in 1987.
Manu is the feast of life and diversity, with more than 1,000 species of birds, 1,200 types of butterflies, over 20,000 varieties of plants and an unknown quantity of reptiles, insects and amphibians. It is located between the departments of Cusco and Madre de Dios.
Lima's Historical Centre, declared a World Cultural Heritage in 1988. Lima is a sum of colours, textures and sounds. It is a cosmopolitan capital par excellence where the taste is acquired from the flavour offered by its street-side cooks frying anticuchos or soft picarones in syrup against a backdrop of colonial balconies, old houses, and churches with secret tunnels.
Rio Abiseo National Park
Located in San Martin. The Rio Abiseo National Park, inscribed as a World Natural Heritage in 1990. Becausse its geographical location and the fragility of the archaeological sites within the park, Rio Abiseo remains closed to tourism since 1996. Today Peruvian and foreign scientists travel through the park to continue studying the flora and fauna and the remains of pre-Inca cultures.
The Nazca Lines and the Pampas de Juma were declared a World Heritage site in 1994.
Close to the other natural jewel that is the Paracas National Reserve, these lines and figures of different animals, drawn on the Peruvian desert and seen properly only from the sky, were considered a mystery for decades because it was not known if they were a calendar or a form of communication with outer space.
Arequipa's Historical Centre, declared a World Cultural Heritage in 2000. The city of Arequipa is, precisely, an example of how culture in Peru is constantly abrew. Arequipa, known as the White City because of the volcanic rock, or "sillar", with which its churches and homes are built. Arequipa is the land of passions and contrasts, of the hot rocoto pepper and the magnificent condor which can only be seen flying over the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest in the world.